For most of us in this day and age, capital investment is something that we think about when we hear the term. However, what exactly is capital investment and why is it important? To properly invest is to put money into an investment with the intention of receiving a return/profit in the near future. Simply put, to invest simply means having an asset or something purchased with the intention of making money from the investment/the appreciation of the investment that is an increasing of the value of that asset over some period of time.
So when we talk about capital investment, what usually comes to mind is the purchase of machinery or equipment. Capital investments in machinery can be used for many things such as purchasing new equipment that will improve production efficiency or perhaps it can be used for the purpose of adding capacity to existing production facilities. There are many different ways that an investor can use machinery such as acquiring drilling rigs or processing plants, purchasing plant machinery, and purchasing construction machinery. There are also other types of equipment that can be capital investments such as buying land for building projects, or even buying real estate to build houses and condos. If you are thinking about starting a business, then you may want to consider capital investment in that type of business as well.
One way that most investors are able to increase their working capital is by borrowing against it. This works just like any other loan, the only difference is the interest rate. An investor borrows against his or her capital investment and uses it to make working capital improvements in his business. In fact, investors often use their capital investments as working capital so they do not have to use their cash reserves (which can be potentially dangerous) in order to increase their working capital.